Monday, May 25, 2020

Political And Economic Theories And Systems That Influence...

Sociology short answer question 1. Describe the political and economic theories and systems that influence community services work. The Commonwealth of Australia is both a representative democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as Australia s head of state. (How government works, 2016). Since the 1990s globalization has gained widespread currency in Australia on a social, economic, political and cultural level. (Holmes, 2012, p. 340) Laws and politics have an influence on Australia’s economic system, which is capitalism and socialism. (Political Economy, n.d.) Analysis of political and economic approaches by government can add insight into the flow on effects on a community and its individual. 2. What is the†¦show more content†¦These days’ different organisations are involved and are influencing the system when dealing with social problems. Firstly, the citizen’s individual’s participation to improve the wellbeing of the community. Secondly, the community they may represent the interest of a group, organisation and / or individuals. Lastly, the government they have the responsibility for legislation, social and economic planning, public policy and program, safety and protection of community members, etc. Government agencies invest and deliver services for the community such as: education and employment opportunities; secure, sustainable housing and infrastructure; and good health and wellbeing across the life course. These diverse services are provided to people across their life span and include: community development; early intervention services; advice and information; crisis support; and ongoing services. (How government works, 2016) 4. Describe the functions of social and cultural institutions within Australian society. In Australia we have multiple social and cultural institution such as: Aged Care system, education system, families, health care system, labour markets, legal systems, government departments, the media, political systems, religious systems, work. A few of the functions of these institutions are as followed: - Aged Care system is to provide a wide range of services to the older people in Australia in both a residential and community setting. (Aged

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Differences Between Christianity And Islam - 1444 Words

Although our world is filled with diverse religious backgrounds, â€Å"humanity forms but one community† (â€Å"Nostra Aetate†). There is an indisputable bond between humans, regardless of the beliefs they hold. Christianity and Islam are two religious traditions dominating the world, accounting for over 55% of the population (â€Å"Common Word†). While they greatly differ, the two have undeniable similarities that offer a common ground for the two traditions to unite. It is necessary for these two traditions to coexist and strive for peace so that the majority of the world’s population can live in harmony. The history, practices, and sacred texts of Islam and Christianity yield traditions with varying sets of beliefs, but the two are founded on principles of love, which promote unity and peace. The Islam faith, spread under the prophet Muhammad in about 600 c.e., holds that peace can be found when one surrenders to Allah (â€Å"Overview of Islam†). Muslims, or followers of Islam, are expected to become very knowledgeable of the sacred text of Islam, the Qur’an. This all truthful text as Muslims believe, contains â€Å"knowledge in areas of action, contemplation, and intellectual concerns† (â€Å"Overview of Islam†). It is essentially a guidebook for living a life on the Straight Path. The Islam tradition is rooted in the fulfillment of the Five Pillars of Islam. The proclamation of faith, daily prayers, fasting during Ramadan, giving of wealth to community, and the pilgrimage to Mecca provide a guideShow MoreRelatedDifferences Between Christianity And Islam Essay1484 Words   |  6 PagesIn this paper, the author analyzes the similarities and differences between Christianity and Islam and how to apply this learning to optimize the health outcomes of patients whose belief systems differ from that of the health care provider. The worldviews of both religions are researched, generating a comparison of their different belief systems. It is confirmed that critical components of religion such as prayer, scripture reading, connection to spirituality and meditation can be used as religiousRead MoreDifferences Between Islam And Christianity944 Words   |  4 Pages# 01 Religion 101 Islam and Christianity are wide spread religions in the world. Contrast based on five pillars of Islam and Christianity rituals. In this paper I will explain their differences and similarities based on Prothero and Paden, using paradigms â€Å"rituals†. The concept of rituals are more important in understanding religion. Prothero admits that Christianity is the great religion in the world this is not mean that Islam is not popular religion in fact he compare Islam with fast growing religionRead MoreDifferences Between Islam And Christianity871 Words   |  4 Pages1. The question of Origin. i. Of the many ways in which Islam and Christianity differ, answering the question of origin remains primarily the same as it does amongst all three of the monotheistic religions (Islam, Christianity and Judaism) wherein a single infinite God created the heavens and earth. ii. Though there is considerable contrast between how Islam and Christianity present the creation story both the Bible and the Qur’an textually agree all was created in six days (Qur’an 10:3; GenesisRead MoreDifferences Between Christianity And Islam1152 Words   |  5 PagesCommonalities, Differences, and Consequences Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are among the best known and most widely practiced religions today, and have had enormous cultural, ideological, and historical impact on the peoples of every continent. Arguably more so than any other ideological systems, Abrahamic religion has been among the most influential forces in human history. The shared elements of their traditions have allowed them to develop in part through a multi-faceted dialogue with eachRead MoreDifferences Between Islam And Christianity941 Words   |  4 PagesTwo religions may share some common terminology and theology. Islam and Christianity are both different in their own way. Islam represents an oriented religion with Christianity faith is based on the shed of blood of Christ. Religious traditions also embrace the idea of human dignity in the biblical idea of the creation of all human beings in the image of God. Mohammed founded Islam in 610 A.D, were people worshipping multiple God’s. During, a time of pol ytheism Mohammed had a vision; being perceivedRead MoreDifferences Between Christianity And Islam1838 Words   |  8 PagesChristianity and Islam are the two religions with great similarities of concepts while minute differences within both religions. Christianity having being a religion since last 2000 years obviously was a religion that dwelled as a â€Å"Soft Monotheism† meaning the concept of Trinity: presence of three personalities within one personality of God. While, it’s existence was related to the â€Å"Hard Monotheism†: only one God in the form of Judaism. Similarly having borrowed from both the religions, Islam inRead MoreDifferences Between Christianity And Islam2708 Words   |  11 PagesReligious Differences in Marriage From the past to the present, society has valued the partnership between two people and a spiritual God and/or leader. The unique union/partnership, also known as marriage, has been and continues to be a practice among religions of all kinds. The one common trait that each religion shares is the spiritual agreement and commitment to promise one’s self to another person forever in sickness and in health. Although the basic idea of marriage is shared, many religionsRead MoreThe Differences Between Christianity And Islam Essay1937 Words   |  8 Pagesinterested in knowing more about the Christianity and Islam religion-the largest religions in the word, both having similarities and differences between them. In this letter I will be presenting their key beliefs and practices, and also I will be explaining the significance of salvation for these two religions. Islam religion was established by Muhammad in the seventh century, and its believers are called Muslims . They follow the Islam practices - the Five Pillars of Islam, and the Quran - the word of GodRead MoreDifferences Between Christianity And Islam2108 Words   |  9 PagesBeing religious carries many aspects within a being that are expressed through internal and external practices reflecting teachings and beliefs of a religion. Both Catholicism and Islam have a large number of people of the faith and thus both religious practices are witnessed almost everywhere expressing their morals and values. These especially include the formal rituals carried out on sacred times for each religion, the presence of places of worship; Churches and Mosques and actions of such religiousRead MoreSimilarities And Differences Between Christianity And Islam744 Words   |  3 PagesOne of the main differences between Christianity and Islam is the relationship with both religions and Jesus Christ. The teachings of each religion follow the ideology of said religion. The way the Qur’an and the Bible address the topic of Jesus Christ is complex as there are many similarities, yet there is a significant difference that causes conflict between the two religions. The question of was Jesus Christ the son of God is what often causes conflict between the religions. Some say that the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Different Concepts Of Hinduism As A Religion - 1922 Words

Hinduism is one of the oldest culture and spiritual traditions in the world. While many may conceptualize Hinduism as being a religion it is not in the sense that we Westerners may think of it as, comparing it to Christianity or Islam. It can be better compared to a set of codes that hundreds of millions of people all over the world practice. This code of life is better known as Dharma to these adherents. Practitioners hold themselves to these rules and rituals that in the end they believe will bring them to the three things that people want most: a sense of being, knowledge and joy. Worldly possessions and pleasures are not entirely rejected within this religion, just as long as they are acquired and enjoyed within the context of life, knowledge and joy. The sense of being that is discussed is a Hindu’s atman; this can be compared to the way in which one might associate one’s own soul. Three concepts of Hinduism will be discussed within this paper: karma, the yogic pat hs, and the caste system. These are three ideas of Hinduism that are separate practices yet can be used ideally together in order to achieve what a person truly wants. A person’s karma, or their actions are usually decided depending on the yogic pathway an adherent chooses to follow; these actions will transcend the practitioner to their chosen caste system, from here the process goes on. These three concepts would not work alone without the other, the main purpose of Hindu traditions is to diminish bad karmaShow MoreRelatedChristianity and Hinduism1601 Words   |  6 Pagesand Hinduism are two of the world’s largest religions that hold very different ideologies. In the following essay, I will compare my own religion- Hinduism- with Christianity; a religion that has fascinated me for a very long time. Christianity is the world’s largest religion, originating in the Middle East in the first century. It has more than 2 billion followers, from all over the world. Christianity is a monotheistic religion, having originated from Judaism, also a monotheistic religion. ThisRead MoreThe Comparison of Hinduism and Abrahamic Religions1149 Words   |  5 PagesComparison of Hinduism and Abrahamic Religions The Comparison of Hinduism and Abrahamic Religions By Christa Dunwoody Abstract The differences between Hinduism and Abrahamic Religions are many. The primary difference of beliefs is that Abrahamic Religion believes that there is one God. Hinduism beliefs vary being Pantheistic, monotheistic and polytheistic it is one of the most complex religions of the world. In the comparison of Hinduism and Abrahamic Religion differ on their concept of GodRead MoreThe Star Wars Trilogy Essay742 Words   |  3 PagesWars Trilogy always have one thing that is stated: the Force. The Force is an unlimited power that is in every living objects. As exciting as that sounds, the idea of the Force has been created out of many religions. The idea of the Force came from different religion such as: Taoism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity Taoism is related in the Force because the Force was viewed as energy around everything. When Obi-Wan told Luke that he should let go of his sight and follow the instincts to guardRead MoreSimilarities Between Hinduism And Buddhism995 Words   |  4 PagesCompare and Contrast Essay Hinduism and Buddhism There are more than seven billion people living across the world and about 19 major religions with about 270 subgroups. In many states and countries, there are two or more religions that are being practiced by its residents. Hinduism and Buddhism are two of the 19 major religions, that are widely practiced. Hinduism and Buddhism both have common origins, and share similar beliefs. Both Hinduism and Buddhism are religions that focus on the way to liveRead MoreHumanities 130 Hinduism Paper733 Words   |  3 PagesHinduism Paper HUMANITIES 130 Hinduism is a diverse body of religion, philosophy, and cultural practice native to and predominant in India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils (GodWeb,  n.d.). In this paper I will further explore what the Hindu religion is encompassed of. And delve into what makes the religion of HinduismRead MoreUnderstanding the Practices of Hinduism Essay1501 Words   |  7 PagesReligion is a powerful yet sensitive subject in many parts of the world. It is powerful in the sense that it gives a person comfort in their beliefs and practices. A particular religion that reflects the acceptance of a person’s own beliefs and practices would be Hinduism. Hinduism is one of the oldest religions that exist in our world today. It is widely practiced all over the world, especially in the west. Sometimes Hinduism can b e misunderstood, as some people don’t really know how to interpretRead MoreHinduism and Buddhism: History and Modern Appeal1696 Words   |  7 Pagesestablished religions, Hinduism and Buddhism have their similarities, as well as differences. Both religions are practiced in Southeast Asia, starting in India and have influenced each other. Hinduism dates back to 5,000 years ago, while Buddhism was created three centuries ago. I will explore what the two religions share and what separates the two from one another covering the origins, number of followers, the texts used, and the belief system followed. Origin of Hinduism Hinduism is one ofRead MoreSimilarities Between Hinduism And Buddhism948 Words   |  4 PagesBoth Hinduism and Buddhism came from the region called India. Hinduism was the dominant one in the subcontinent, while Buddhism had to flee to other regions to spread its belief to the people. The creation of Hinduism will eventually give birth to Buddhism later on. Even though both â€Å"religions† came from the same region, they have some similarities and differences between them. Hinduism from the start was a combination of different beliefs or ceremonies from the Indus Valley Civilization. All ofRead MoreThe Goals of Hinduism and Buddhism Essay1368 Words   |  6 Pages2. Hinduism and Buddhism are traditions that originated from the Vedic sacrifice practice, and they share a common foundation in their view of existence. What are the similarities, and very importantly, the differences in their respective focuses and goals? Also included in this topic: For a time, Buddhism became a dominant tradition in much of India, but then Hinduism rose to become the dominant tradition. There are relatively few Buddhists in India today, especially in comparison to the numberRead MoreThe Concept Of Hinduism And Buddhism1513 Words   |  7 PagesINTRODUCTION TO THE CONCEPT OF HINDUISM AND BUDDHISM Hinduism is often called one of the oldest living religions or oldest living major traditions amongst other religions still being practiced currently, this is due to the fact that certain elements within Hinduism stretches back for thousands of years. Hinduism is often referred to as â€Å"Sanatana Dharma†, a Sanskrit phrase meaning â€Å"the eternal law†. Also, it does not have a single definition mostly because it holds a vast array of beliefs and also

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Demand and Supply of Certain Resources †Free Samples to Students

Question: Discuss about the Demand and Supply of Certain Resources. Answer: Introduction In todays economy, Australia is considered as one of a developed economy in the world. It is also considered as one of the largest mixed market economies of the country. In terms of wealth per adult, Australia is a second-best wealthiest country after Switzerland (Shann, 2016). In this report, we will analyze demand and supply of steel in Australia. There are various factors that affected the supply and demand of steel in Australia. In this project report, we will evaluate these factors and evaluate future of Australian steel market. Demand is the number of goods and services that consumers are willing and able to purchase in an open market. Only willingness to purchase is not sufficient, the consumer should have the purchasing power to make such purchase. Law of demand states that if the price of commodity increases than the demand for such commodity will decrease and vice versa. For example, if the price of particular car increases than the consumer will avoid such car and will go toward another car with similar features. There are various factors that can, directly and indirectly, affect the demand for product and services. These factors are the price of the commodity, the price of substitute commodity, income of consumer, purchasing power of the consumer, changing preference of consumer, etc. There are certain goods on which law of demand is not applicable, for example, demand of luxury goods will increase with an increase in price as its symbol of a reputation for an individual (Varian, 2014). Supply is the number of goods and services which are available in the market for consumption of consumer. Law of supply in microeconomics state that if the price of a commodity increase then the supply of such commodity will also increase and vice versa. For example, if the manufacturer of steel expects that price of steel is expected to increase then he will produce more steel in order to make more profits. Hence we can say that relationship between price and supply of goods is positive. This law is based on the assumption that other factors such as the price of the alternative commodity, technology, government policy etc. remain constant. Another important concept which we have to understand in microeconomics in relation to demand and supply is market equilibrium. It is a state of the market in which market demand and market supply are equal. It is represented by following graphical presentation (Baumol and Blinder, 2015). We have understood the basic concept of demand and supply, now we can proceed to analyze demand and supply of steel in the Australian market. Economic analysis There are various resources in which economy of a country is dependent upon such as agriculture resources, human resources, financial resources, natural resources etc. all of these resources is very important for development and growth of a country. The scarcity of excessive resources can hamper the state of the economy of a country. In Australian market demand for steel is less as compared to its demand. Between 1990s to early 2000s, Australia was one of the biggest exporters of steel. The maximum amount of steel produced in Australia was exported to China. During this period China was in its development stage and requires a lot of iron ore and steel for capital and infrastructure development. Hence the demand for iron ore and steel was very high and their supply was not sufficient to meet such demand. They have to import to fulfill such demands and Australia was their biggest supplier (Hudson Sadler, 2017). During the last decade economy of China has become one of the strongest economies in the world. They are out of their development stage and no longer require such a large amount of steel and iron ore. It can be said that steel requirements in China are at its peak and there are various indicators to justify such statement. The current population of China is very high and it is expected that rate of population will decline in near future. There are various social laws implemented by the government of China for population control. Current rate of urbanization is also very low. Both of these factors show that requirement of steel in future will be less (Yellishetty Mudd, 2014). According to Vice-chairman of the China Iron and Steel Association, China is making strict rules to cut down excessive production activities. This initiative is taken to control air pollution in the country which is at its peak. He also stated that due to increases international prices of steel in 2017, chine has increased in-house production of steel. Iron ore production in the country has increased by 15 % in last two months. However, some of the economists have said that demand for Australian steel in the global market will keep on increasing. Some economists think that demand for steel will not decrease in China. According to world steel association, total production of steel in March 2017 is at its maximum. It has increased by 5.7% as compared to first quarter of 2016 (Sainidis, 2017). According to them, China's steel demand is expected to increase by 4-5 % in 2017. Also, India is in its development stage and demand of steel and iron ore will increase in future. It is expected that India will become the biggest importer of coking coal and steel from Australia in near future. Conclusion In near future, it is believed that Australian steel market will more dependent on the domestic market as compared to its exports. This domestic consumption will contribute more toward economic development as compared to the export of steel. Without demand in domestic market, there are chances of an oversupply of steel in the Australian market. In the international market, the chances of steel demand are less likely. The major reason behind this is decreasing in demand for steel in China. But some of the economists have expressed their views stating that demand for Australian steel will increase due to development activities in India. This picture will become clearer in the first quarter of 2018. The government of Australia should take steps to support producers of steel in the country. They should provide subsidies and other benefits to them to ease them during this down market. References Baumol, W.J. and Blinder, A.S., 2015.Microeconomics: Principles and policy. Cengage Learning. Hudson, R. and Sadler, D., 2017.The international steel industry: restructuring, state policies and localities. Routledge. Sainidis, E., 2017. Severstal: growth and consolidation strategies management in a turbulent global steel industry. Shann, E., 2016.An Economic History of Australia. Cambridge University Press. Varian, H.R., 2014.Intermediate Microeconomics: A Modern Approach: Ninth International Student Edition. WW Norton Company. Yellishetty, M. and Mudd, G.M., 2014. Substance flow analysis of steel and long term sustainability of iron ore resources in Australia, Brazil, China and India.Journal of cleaner production,84, pp.400-410.

Monday, April 6, 2020

Ozone Regulations Essays - Smog, Environment, Air Pollution, Gases

Ozone Regulations In 1997 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established new ozone standards. The EPA also placed special restrictions on twenty-two states in the Ohio Valley and Midwest regions to prevent emissions from coal-burning power plants from being carried into the New England States by wind currents. (Tennessee is one of these twenty-two states.) Both of these rulings were recently either struck down or placed on hold by Federal Appeals Courts. Why: The regulations put into place in 1997 by the EPA were more restrictive than the 1990 standards. The regulations limit the amount of ground level ozone and fine particle pollution permitted. Ground level ozone is produced by nitrogen oxide(NOx) which is created by burning fossil fuels. Since gasoline and diesel are both fossil fuels, then NOx is a major component of automobile emissions. Several members of the trucking and fossil fuel industries, as well as members of the twenty-two state region, have challenged the regulations in Federal Court and have been successful in blocking the implementation of the new rules. In the past two months, two separate Federal Court Of Appeals panels have ruled that the EPA's authority to establish clean air standards is not properly delegated by Congress under the Clean Air Act. Therefore, since the EPA is a part of the Executive branch of government and not the Legislative, they have no authority to produce regulations on their own. The plaintiffs in the case also argued that the amount of pollution a person can tolerate has not been established and until it is the EPA should not make the current regulations more restrictive. How: The main actors in this event are the American Trucking Associations and their fellow plaintiffs, the twenty-two state coalition, the EPA, and the Federal Appeals Court. Why would the American Trucking Associations and other fossil fuel burning industries want to limit the EPA's authority? What do they have to gain? Last year, according to the EPA's own press release detailing their enforcement efforts in fiscal year 1998, the EPA referred 266 criminal cases to the Department of Justice, as well as 411 civil court cases. Approximately half of the civil cases required violators to change the way they manage their facilities or to reduce their emissions or discharges. The EPA also assessed almost $93 million dollars in criminal fines and another $92 million in civil penalties. In addition to fines and penalties, polluters spent over $2 billion dollars to correct violations. Not included in this estimate would be the legal expenses incurred or the advertising and marketing costs required to mend a damaged pubic relations image. Clearly it is in the industries' best financial interest if the regulations are less restrictive. Many companies that spent large amounts of money to meet the 1990 Clean Air Act standards would have to spend even more to meet the amended 1997 standards. Do the states in the twenty-two state region have another reason to argue against the standards? According to Sean Cavanagh's article in the April 4, 1999 edition of the Chattanooga Times/Free Press, Atlanta lost $700 million in federal roads money as a result of failing to come up with a pollution containment plan. In addition, the state of Georgia had to fund a state "superagency" to develop and enforce transit plans that meet federal standards. The states joined the industrial groups in claiming that the new standards are too strict and are unnecessary. Chattanooga is not expected to meet the new requirements by the year 2000 deadline and Chattanooga Mayor Kensey and Tennessee Governor Sundquist were two of the public officials who protested the new standards as being too strict. Are the new standards too strict? How does the EPA determine the required levels? According to the press release issued by the EPA following the court's decision, the Federal Courts are not questioning "the science and process conducted by the EPA justifying the setting of new, more protective standards." The EPA claims that their standards, which are designed to limit the affects that smog and soot have on people with respiratory problems, protect 125 million Americans including 35 million children. The Federal Courts only have issue with the constitutionality of certain parts of the Clean Air Act that allow the EPA to establish clean air regulations in the interest of public health. The EPA is recommending that the Department of Justice appeal the ruling to the US Supreme Court. Several interest groups are closely watching the case. The powerful industrial and truckers lobby groups are supporting the plaintiffs, while several environmental lobby groups and health

Monday, March 9, 2020

The New Deal2 essays

The New Deal2 essays All countries and civilizations throughout history have been run with some form of government or leadership. Whether the governing body is ruled by a tyrant, monarchy, democracy, or even a tsar, the body has certain responsibilities and jobs. In any given country, the role of the government varies according to the state of the country and the desires of the people in it. During different time periods in American history, the people have expected different things from their government according to the situation. Between the 1920s and 1930s, our nations perceptions of the role of government, its powers, and responsibilities went from wanting the government to keep out of business and the economy to seeking change and governmental actions. With the inauguration of Warren G. Harding, the 1920s were staged to be a Return to Normalcy. Between the ruling of Harding and Calvin Cool Cal Coolidge, America founds its way back to regularity. The country prospered from new inventions and technology along side with the laissez-faire styles of governing brought by Harding and Coolidge; ... the 1920s presidents viewed the role of government as a passive servant of business rather than as an active regulator...# President Coolidge said: The business of America is business, meaning that the economy was doing fine and did not need many if any regulations. This led to good relationships between large businesses, government, and the people of America as shown in this quote: With the upsurge in prosperity, most Americans shed their fears of big business and ceased complaining about the depredations of large corporations.# This protection occurred not only from the executive branch, but also by the legislative branch; The U.S. Supreme Court was dominated by conservative jurists during the 1920s... Many of its decisions protected business from rigorous re...

Friday, February 21, 2020

Human Resource Management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words - 15

Human Resource Management - Essay Example Once a top executive realises that no matter how hard he struggles for his organisation, all he will receive is his fixed salary, the performance levels of the executive will begin to recede. The removal of incentive is effectively the removal of motivation on the job for such positions. It must also be realised that when such executives join office their primary motivation is the challenge posed by the new position. Once an executive figures out how to manage the new position, the real motivation begins to disappear from the job. In order to keep motivation on the job to a high level, it would be desirable to use a fixed and variable pay structure to serve as the executive’s motivation. On another note, this pay structure aids in ensuring that the executive treats his job more seriously than before because his financial stakes are involved with the performance of the organisation. While it may be considered as cumbersome by some top executives but this model ensures that the organisation pays the executive back in proportion to their